Landing : Athabascau University

Pat Fahy

Pat Fahy

General info

Brief description: Professor, Centre for Distance Education

Contact info

Street Address: Athabasca University
Province/State/County/Region: Alberta
Country: Canada

About me

Dr. Patrick J. (Pat) Fahy


Centre for Distance Education
Athabasca University

B.Sc., University of Minnesota, 1970

M.Ed., University of Alberta, 1972

Ph.D., University of Alberta, 1984



Tel:(866) 514-6234

Repository (Most Recent Publications)

imageI joined the faculty of Athabasca University's Master of Distance Education program in 1996, after spending the previous 5 years as an account manager and regional manager with TRO Learning. (TRO's product is the PLATO computer-assisted learning system.)

Before that I was a high school teacher in Manitoba, and for 20 years was with Alberta Advanced Education, mostly at the Alberta Vocational College (AVC) in Edmonton. At AVC I taught in the English and ESL programs, spent five years as Chairman of the Adult Basic Education (ABE) department, and was Director of Research for six years. Along the way, I also spent a year in the Alberta Department of Advanced Education, did some interesting private consulting in Western Canada and the NWT, and taught continuing education classes to adults at Grant MacEwan College and the Edmonton Public Schools Continuing Education Centre.

While at AVC I was involved in developing, managing and evaluating computer-assisted and computer-managed learning projects throughout this period (using PLATO and other CAL and CML systems). I also designed a package called Math for New Readers which I delivered to various areas of Alberta, often using teleconference technology. (This experience convinced me that worthwhile learning could occur without me being right there -- an important lesson for any distance educator.) While at AVC I got interested in adult literacy, and served as president of both the Movement for Canadian Literacy (MCL) and the Alberta Association for Adult Literacy (AAAL). I keep my literacy links up now by occasional evaluation and consulting contracts, and as an advisory committee member to various literacy projects. I am a former president of ADETA (the Alberta Distance Education and Training Association.) I have produced and regularly teach three courses in the program, Advanced Technology for Distance Education and Training (MDDE620), On-Line Teaching (MDDE621), and Seminar Topics in Educational Conferencing (MDDE661).

I coordinate the MDE program's annual Distance Education Technology Symposium (DETS), the first of which was held in Banff in 1998. DETS is now held yearly at the Banff Centre, in May. (Contact me or the CDE office for information about this year's Symposium.) I also coordinate the MDE's Post-Baccelaureate Diploma in Distance Education (Technology) (PBDDET).

My current research interests include the relationship between technology and productivity, and what constitutes "best" (or even good) practice where technology is used for interaction. I have been working on an approach for analyzing CMC interaction for some time, which I hope will produce some principles for moderators (see below for papers on this topic). I have an ongoing interest in adult development programming (adult basic education, literacy, and English as a Second Language).

imageMy interests in the training world relate partially to my hobby, aviation (I am an instrument-rated commercial pilot and Class 3 Flight Instructor), including the models used in aviation for instruction (especially upgrading and recurrency).

Finally, I have lived in Edmonton with my wife and four sons since 1971, and am happily involved with our third generation members as they begin to arrive.

Some consulting reports and other activity:

  • "Keewatin Region Educational Authority pilot adult education project, year one report." June, 1988. [ERIC documents: ED 298 297.]

    [This two-year project involved seven communities in the Eastern Arctic. PLATO was being installed, and a host of other changes were occurring.]

  • "Keewatin Region Educational Authority pilot adult education project, computer-assisted learning: final report." 1989. [ERIC documents: ED 315 638.]

    [The final report of the project.]
  • Chairman and member, Educational Standards Advisory Committee, Health Disciplines Board, Alberta Advisory Committee on the Professions and Occupations; Edmonton; 1990 - 92.

    [An interesting association, at the time concerned with standards of practice for Licensed Practical Nurses and Nursing Assistants.]
  • "Summary: initial outlook of participants, Project Business Television, Junior Achievement of Northern Alberta." February, 1990.

    [An assessment of the use of TV for delivery of business programming to high school students in Northern Alberta. A lot was learned, but the project was basically unsuccessful for several reasons, and TV is no longer used by the JA for this purpose.]
  • "Evaluation report: Manitoba Technical Training Centre." Career Development Institutes, Toronto. 1990. (With K. Wilson.)

    [The evaluation was required to determine whether CDI, a private trainer, was meeting students' and employers' needs.]
  • Red Deer College, College Preparatory Program. External Program Evaluator (with one colleague). June, 1990.

    [A self-study exercise - certainly useful to me!]
  • "Interim report: Literacy Coordinators of Alberta Regional Resource People Project, 1991 - 1992." 1992. Literacy Coordinators of Alberta. March.
  • "An impact assessment of the Literacy Coordinators of Alberta Regional Resource People Project." Literacy Coordinators of Alberta. July, 1992.

    [More LCA stuff. Notice the continued interest by these folks in outcomes, impact, quality.]
  • "A survey of current writing practices in the literacy community: the Write to Learn Project, Phase 1 (Final Report)." Write to Learn Project, September, 1998. [This also resulted in a short paper, in 1999, in the Alberta Journal of Educational Research. See below.]
  • Member, Advisory Committee, Community Preparation and Integration Program, Alberta Department of the Solicitor General, Edmonton; 1992 - 94.

    [This group no longer exists, nor does the CPIP program.]
  • Member, Advisory Committee, The Learning Centre (Literacy Program; formerly Boyle Street Co-op), Edmonton; 1993 - 1999.

    [I found this a very satisfying association. The Learning Centre is now located near Grant MacEwan College, in central Edmonton, but still works with high risk "street people." The Centre was visited by the Prime Minister during the 1997 campaign.]

Computer-assisted and computer-managed learning reports:

[See also "research" and the "PLATO" listing for more PLATO-related material.]

  • "Introducing individualization with computer-managed learning: an example from Adult Basic Education." January, 1986. [ERIC documents: ED 260 258.]
  • "PLATO computer-assisted learning report: summative evaluation of PLATO CML in the Nursing Assistant program, Alberta Vocational College Edmonton." April, 1987. [ERIC documents: ED 283 043.]
  • "Putting high-touch into high-tech: converting a competency-based nursing assistant training program to computer- management." Proceedings, International Conference on Computer-Assisted Learning in Post-Secondary Education, Edmonton, May, 1987.


Besides working for the PLATO company, TRO Learning, for over five years, I worked with PLATO at AVC for over a dozen years as a teacher, administrator, and researcher. These are some of the results.

  • "Getting to know PLATO." Alberta Association of College Faculties annual meeting. Edmonton; September, 1979.
  • "PLATO at the Alberta Vocational Centre, Edmonton: preliminary report." Paper presented at the Third Canadian Symposium on Instructional Technology. Vancouver; February, 1982.
  • "Introduction of PLATO Basic Skills at the Alberta Vocational College Edmonton." Report to Alberta Advanced Education, Innovative Projects Fund. June, 1980.

    [The Innovative Projects Fund, though it no longer exists (it was fuelled by fuel - the "oil boom" of the 1970s in Alberta) provided some wonderful opportunities for post-secondary institutions to experiment and innovate. Over its existence, I received three grants from this fund while working at AVC.
  • "PLATO programmer training." Report to Alberta Advanced Education, Innovative Projects Fund. July, 1980.

    [This turned out to be a bad idea - teachers shouldn't be programmers unless they are prepared to become instructional designers first. But we learned...]
  • "Introducing computer-based learning via PLATO in Adult Basic Education." Paper presented at the University of Alberta - Control Data Corporation symposium on computer-based training. Edmonton; February, 1982.
  • Training Edmonton Maximum Security Institution staff in use of PLATO Adult Basic Education and GED curricula. Paper presented at the University of Alberta, Instructional Systems Group. Edmonton; July, 1980.
  • "PLATO at Hinton." Report to Alberta Advanced Education, Innovative Projects Fund. July, 1982.

    [This was an experiment in distance learning: a PLATO terminal was placed in Hinton and connected, when needed, to the mainframe at the U of Alberta in Edmonton. Some very impressive outcomes, but it was before its time as a delivery concept.

  • "Computer technology in Adult Basic Education." Presentation, Control Data Corporation symposium. Quebec City; May, 1983.
  • "PLATO computer-based learning in a training-to-work transition program." (With Morley Pratt.) Paper presented at Interface '96, Slave Lake; June 21, 1996.

    [This was one of my last official acts with TRO, prior to joining AU.]

Math workshop materials:

I haven't done a workshop on this topic in some time, but from 1984 on I did some two dozen of them, and I am still very interested in the area. There are some very promising new approaches now - some, I am pleased to report, from Alberta! These papers, while unpublished, were circulated in the literacy community, and formed the basis for presentations.

  • "Diagnosing and addressing literacy students' functional math needs." Unpublished paper, 1984.
  • "Basic math for adult new readers." Unpublished paper, 1987.
  • "Math and literacy." Unpublished paper, 1992.

[These papers were produced for the teachers who were the audience for the workshops themselves.]

Various writing and presentations:

I worked in institutional research at the Alberta Vocational Centre/College for a number of years, as well as doing evaluation and research as a private consultant. These are some of the more interesting (I think) areas I ventured into.

  • "An overview of adult literacy". The English Quarterly, 13. Summer, 1980.
  • "Interviews" [Jim Hawkes, MP, and David Orlikow, MP, regarding the Allmand Report, "Employment opportunities in the 1980s."]. 1981. Literacy/Alphabetisation, 6 (3 & 4).

    [I was president of the Movement for Canadian Literacy at the time, and the Allmand Report {anyone else remember it??} was new at the time. We thought at the time that politicians would see literacy as employment-related; now, literacy seems to be regarded more as a social problem . . .]
  • "Meditations on curriculum from the leisure of educational leave." 1983. Literacy/Alphabetisation, 8 (1).
  • "Doing something interesting and productive." 1984. Literacy/Alphabetisation, 8 (3).
  • "Almost silent, but watchful and helpful." Literacy/Alphabetisation, 9 (1), 1984.

    [The above three were written while on educational leave, and reflected my interests in curriculum renewal (something I still find fascinating). I regard the title of the third {from Robertson Davies} as a perfect definition of the role of the distance educator - and a reflection of how much time I had then!]
  • "Learning about computerized instruction with adults: One school's trials, errors and successes." Educational Technology, 24 (7). July, 1984.

    [More about PLATO at AVC, especially the strains innovation can put on an organization.]
  • "Curriculum design for teleconferencing." Presentation, AVC's Vice-Presidents' meeting. Slave Lake; June, 1985.

    [Teleconferencing is still very big at the AVCs -- along with other technologies, of course.]
  • "Students' needs as the impetus for change in Adult Basic Education." Lifelong Learning, 10 (1). September, 1985.
  • "Making technology work." Technology for the Taking Conference. Edmonton; November, 1985. [ERIC Documents: ED 266 265.]
  • "Instructor attitudes affecting adoption of educational innovations." Association for Educational Data Systems Journal, 19(1). Fall, 1985.
  • "Students' needs as the impetus for change in Adult Basic Education." Lifelong Learning, 10 (1). September, 1985.
  • "Strategies for effective learning: a research-based program for identification of learning disabilities." (With J. Stewart.) 1987. [ERIC documents: ED 282 030.]

    [Another activity resulting from AVC's work in disabilities.]
  • "Treating students as customers." CVA/ACFP Journal, 23 (1). May, 1987.

    [I like this metaphor very much! The article brought more mail - all of it positive - than any other I have written.]
  • "Bringing instructional designers together by computer conferencing: ISDers discuss their craft." Educational Technology, July 1987.

    [An early association with AU: the AU CoSy system was used to link the participants in the discussion which resulted in the article.]
  • "Some outcomes of an employment-oriented training program for educably mentally handicapped adults." Paper presented at the Annual Conference, American Association for Mental Deficiencies. Edmonton; September, 1987. [With A. McLean.] [ERIC documents: ED 286 069.]
  • "Adult Basic Education in Alberta: to and beyond 1990." 1990. [ERIC documents: ED 315 636.]

    [Based on reading done for the panel presentation on ACCESS.]
  • "The adult literacy problem in Canada, and why you should care." Kinsmen Club of Edmonton. Edmonton; November. 1990.

    [And they did care. A good group of sharp people, asked a lot of good questions, and served an uncommonly good breakfast at Edmonton's Royal Glenora Club.]
  • "Adult literacy learning and computer technology: features of effective computer-assisted learning systems." 1991. [ERIC Documents: ED 059 567].

    [This got a lot of notice, too, because I added a checklist to the end of the article. I went to work for TRO shortly after, so this fit in nicely.]
  • "Achieving quality with online teaching technologies." Quality Learning 2000 Inaugural International Symposium, Calgary Board of Education, Calgary, Alberta, March 3, 2000.
  • "The fundamentals of teaching online." Workshop, CADE 2000, Quebec City, June 3, 2000 (a.m. session; with Peter Cookson).
  • "Implementation challenges of teaching online." Workshop, CADE 2000, Quebec City, June 3, 2000 (p.m. session, with Peter Cookson).

    [CADE is always an interesting conference, and I enjoy working with Peter Cookson (see below). CADE is now known as CNIE.]
  • "Fundamental principles and perspectives for teaching online." Workshop, 16th Annual Conference on Distance Teaching and Learning, University of Wisconsin, Madison, August 2, 2000. (With Peter Cookson.)

    [This session was similar to the CADE presentation, but somewhat tailored for the U.S./international audience that commonly attends the Madison conference.]
  • "Good teaching at a distance." ADLC Staff PD session. Barrhead, October 6, 2000.

    [I very much enjoy returning to my K-12 roots, and the ADLC (Alberta Distance Learning Centre) is one of Canada's premier distance delivery organizations for public school curriculum.]
  • "Teaching and online teaching – some differences and similarities." ADETA Fall Workshop. Calgary, Bow Valley College, October 13, 2000.

    [I attend every ADETA conference, but only present when called upon. This session was inspired by the fact that ADETA is attracting more people with traditional backgrounds, who are looking for help getting involved with distance teaching. The message was that, while there are differences, somethings are the same.]
  • "DE101" and "Internet 101." Learning Services Conference, Athabasca University. Edmonton, October 14, 2000. (With Peter Cookson.)

    [Another opportunity to work with Dr. Cookson. And a change to meet more of our AU colleagues, to talk about our common interests.]
  • "'Best' practices with distance education technologies." Norquest College, Educational Technologies Showcase, January 25, 2001.

    [By invitation, a chance to meet with old friends - and to talk about common interests in distance teaching.]
  • "E-learning." Athabasca University School of Business Faculty retreat, Lily Lake, May 4, 2001.

    [A PD event for some of our AU faculty.]
  • "Analyzing CMC transcripts: mining the gold." ADETA Interface 2001 Conference, May 31, 2001, Lethbridge.

    [This was the first public presentation of research with the CDE-developed TAT (Transcript Analysis Tool). The material was from the International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning papers recently published; see below.]
  • "Interaction patterns in online conferences." Athabasca University 2001 Learning Services Conference, Edmonton, October 27. (By invitation.)

    [This is an annual AU professional development event, and another opportunity to present research with the TAT.
  • "Virtual communities: Productive or procrustean?" Fifth Annual Online Learning Symposium, Edmonton, October 31, 2001. (With G. Crawford.)

    [This Symposium is primarily K-12, but also has a post-secondary element. They were very interested in this topic, and I always enjoy working with Dr. Gail].
  • "'Almost silent but watchful and helpful': Supporting distance learners." Annual meeting, Manitoba Association for Distributed Learning and Training, Winnipeg, March 8, 2001. (By invitation.).

    [This was the founding meeting of MADLaT. The quote in the title, which I find a perfect description of the distance educator, is from Robertson Davies, The rebel angels.]
  • "Ethics review of human subjects research: Threat or hazard?" Invited presentation, CADE Wise and Witty Weekdays (Teleconference). October 15, 2003.

    [This was a chance to talk about my experiences as chairman of AU's Research Ethics Board.]

  • Fahy, P. J. (2006, November). Final Report: ESPORT project evaluation.Unpublished report to Human Resources and Skills Development Canada (HRSDC).

    [I served as external evaluator on a two-year project testing an essential skills portfolio assessment and planning program called ESPORT ( In addition to the final report, there were two interim reports, in July 2005, and February 2006.]

  • Fahy, P. J., Vaughan, K., Stefanick, L., & Smith, J. (2006). Online marking – what does it have to offer? Athabasca University, Learning Services Conference 2006, Edmonton, September 30.

    [The conference event occurs annually at this university. I was part of a panel at which I demonstrated use of Dragon Dictate dictation software for use in marking papers and in CMC.]

  • Fahy, P.J. (2006). Panel member, Framework for research in literacy practice. National Literacy Secretariat. Literacy Learning Centre, Edmonton, February 17.

    [At one time I was very involved in literacy and adult basic education (ABE). I still occasionally get asked to participate in activities such as this. Given the changes at the federal level affecting literacy and ABE in Canada that occurred in late 2006, one wonders whether the effort was worthwhile.]

  • Fahy, P. J. (2006). Social and task concerns of online small groups: Evidence from CMC transcripts. Hawaii International Conference on Education, January 6 – 9, 2006, Honolulu (January 8).

    [A small but surprisingly vigorous group of distance educators attends this conference. I had gone previously in 2004, and was pleased to be able to go again. This topic was related to my previous presentation, and there were people in the audience who remembered the earlier one – a nice bonus.]

  • Fahy, P. J. (2005). Can research drive instructional design? Does it? Invited presentation, Instructional Design Conference 2005, Saskatoon, October 17. (

    [This invited presentation gave me a chance to renew friendships with people in Saskatchewan I had not seen in some time.]

  • Fahy, P. J. (2005). How small groups form and interact online. McGraw-Hill Ryerson 2005 Teaching, Learning, and Technology Conference, May 13, the University of Alberta, Edmonton.

    [A large number attended this event. Another opportunity to connect with faculty of other institutions outside of Alberta. This was a presentation on Bales’s typology for small face-to-face groups, from 1950, applied to online communities. People seem to find this topic and approach interesting – as I do.]  
  • Fahy, P. J. (2004). Use of the Bales model for analysis of small group communications in the analysis of interaction in computer-based asynchronous conferences. Paper presented at the IASTED International Conference on Knowledge Sharing And Collaborative Engineering (KSCE 2004), November 22-24, St. Thomas, US Virgin Islands.  

    [IASTED is a very technology-oriented group, but this conference crossed over into an area of interest for me, with its focus on knowledge sharing. I presented early work on Bales’s typology (see above), and met some very interesting interaction scholars from the southern USA ( Georgia, Florida, Texas). The University of the Virgin Islands was a surprisingly robust operation.] 
  • Fahy, P. J. (2004). Online interaction analysis: Using transcripts to understand online learning communities. 2004 Hawaii International Conference on Education, Honolulu, January 5.

    [ My first visit to Hawaii. I liked it so much, I went again in 2006. I good opportunity to see what non-DE organizations are doing with technology, and how they view DE from their perspective (this was not a DE-centred conference).]

Research, publications:

"A personal view: distance education and literacy in Alberta." (June, 1997). Saskatchewan Literacy Newsletter.

"Graduate students' interests in technology training: results of a survey". June 1997. [Eric Documents: ED 410 432]

"Current writing attitudes and practices in selected adult literacy programs in Western Canada." (Summer, 1999). The Alberta Journal of Educational Research, XLV,, 209-211.

"On-line learning: How accessible?" (1999). (With Laurel Archer, MDE.) Open Praxis, 1, 15-18.

"A survey of business-education partnerships in Alberta." (May, 1999). (With Jane Friensen, MDE.) Journal of the Alberta Association for Continuing Education, 26, 21-28.

"Reflections on the productivity paradox and distance education technology." (1999). Journal of Distance Education, 13 , 66-73.

"Reflections on making 'best use' of technology in distance education." (March, 2000). CADE Communique, (15)2, pp. 7-9. (Chinese translation reprinted in Open Education Research, 5, 26-27. Translated by Xiao Junhong, Chair and Associate Professor, Foreign Languages Department, Shantou Radio and TV University.)

"Online learning: how accessible?" (With L. Archer.) Originally appeared in Open Praxis, 1, 1999, pp.15-18. SP – 98/99. (Chinese translation, Distance Education in China, 11 (May, 2000); translation by Frank Xiao, Visiting Research Fellow, OUUK.)

"The Development and Testing of a Tool for Analysis of Computer Mediated Conferencing Transcripts." (2000). With Gail Crawford, Mohamed Ally, Peter Cookson, Verna Keller and Frank Prosser. Alberta Journal of Education Research, 46, Spring, 85-88.

"Addressing some common problems in transcript analysis." International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 1(2), Research Notes, January, 2001. Available from:

"Distance Education in Alberta's Public Colleges." International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 1(2), Field Notes, January, 2001. With Jim Brennan, MDE. Available from:

"Patterns of interaction in a computer conference transcript." International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 2(1). Summer, 2001. With G. Crawford and M Ally. Available from:

Fahy, P. J. (2001). Considerations in planning for online technology in open and distance learning. Global E-Journal of Open and Flexible Learning, 1(1). Available:

Book review - "Cohort programming and learning." International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 2(2). (January, 2002).

"Evaluating vendor-supplied information." (2002). (Technical Notes.) International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 3(1). Available:

"Use of linguistic qualifiers and intensifiers in a computer conference." (2002). The American Journal of Distance Education, 16(1), pp. 5 - 22.

"Epistolary and expository interaction patterns in a computer conference transcript." (2002). The Journal of Distance Education, 17(1), pp. 20 - 35.

Ally, M. & Fahy, P. J. (2002). “Using students’ learning styles to provide support in distance education.” Paper published in the 18th Annual Conference on Distance Teaching and Learning Proceedings, Madison, August 14 - 16.

Fujino, L., Martindale, N., Mulder, S., Woodward, C. & Fahy, P. J. (2002). Integrated collaborative tools. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning 3(2). Available:

Kinsel, E., Roy, M., Waldman, H., Woloshuk, D. & Fahy, P. J. (2002). Chat and instant messaging systems (synchronous): Report 3/3. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning 3(2).

Ludwig, B., Poscente, K., Fahy, P.J., & Baggaley, J. (2002). Chat and Instant Messaging Systems (synchronous): Report 2/3. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 3(2).

Baggaley, J., Fahy, P. J. and O'Hagan, C. (2002.) Educational Conferencing: Video and text traditions: Proceedings of the 1st International Symposium on Educational Conferencing (ISEC). Alberta: Athabasca University. Available online:

Fahy, P. J., & Baggaley, J. (2002) International Collaboration in Graduate Distance Education. Chapter in “Higher education collaboration in North America: The next decade.” CONAHEC.

"Indicators of support in online interaction." (2003). International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 4(1). Available:

"Development of a Defence Learning Network for the Canadian Department of National Defence." (2003). (With D. Margueratt.) International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 4(2). (Research Note). (Available:

Book review: "Dilworth, R. L. & Willis, V. J. (2003). Action learning: Images and pathways." International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 4(2). (Available:

"Investigating triggers in CMC text transcripts." (2003). (With K. Poscente.) International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 4(2). (Research Note). (Available:

Ally, M. & Fahy, P. J. (2005). Learning style in online interaction in distance education. Indian Journal of Open Learning, 14(1), p. 15 - 33.

"Web-based training: Principles and issues." (2004). Entry, The Internet Encyclopedia, (Vol. 3, pp. 661 - 673). Hoboken, N.J.: John Wiley and Sons, Inc. (Invited chapter.)

Materi, M. & Fahy, P. J. (2004). Interim Report: A Case Study of Internet-based Distance Education Program Development in Vietnam. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 5(1). Available:

Fahy, P. J. (2004). Media characteristics and online learning technology. In T. Anderson and F. Elloumi (Eds.), Theory and Practice of Online Learning (pp. 137 – 171). Athabasca: Athabasca University Press. (Invited chapter.) Available:

Fahy, P. J. (2004). Don’t blame the policy. Letter, University Affairs, February, pp. 5, 7.

Fahy, P. J. (2004). Use of the Bales model for analysis of small group communications in the analysis of interaction in computer-based asynchronous conferences. Paper at the IASTED International Conference on Knowledge Sharing And Collaborative Engineering ~KSCE 2004, November 22-24, St. Thomas, US Virgin Islands. (Paper to be included in refereed Proceedings.)

Fahy, P. J., & Spencer, B. (2004). Research experience and agreement with selected ethics principles from Canada’s Tri-Council Policy Statement – Ethical Conduct for Research Involving Humans. Journal of Distance Education,19(2), pp. 28 -58.

Fahy, P. J. & Ally, M. (2005). Student learning style and asynchronous computer-mediated conferencing. American Journal of Distance Education, 19(1), pp. 5 – 22.

Ally, M. & Fahy, P. J. (2005). Learning Style in Online Interaction in Distance Education. Indian Journal of Open Learning, 14(1), p. 15 - 33.

Fahy, P. J. (2005). Planning for Multimedia Learning. In Sanjaya Mishra and Ramesh C. Sharma (Eds.), Interactive multimedia in education and training, pp. 1 - 24. Hershey, PA: Idea Group Publishing.

Fahy, P. J. (2005). Two methods for assessing critical thinking in computer-mediated communications (CMC) transcripts. International Journal of Instructional Technology and Distance Learning (March). Available from

Baggaley, J. & Klass, J. (Fahy, P. J., Interim Series Editor.) (2006). Video conferencing with audio software. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 7(1). (Technical Evaluation Report #56.) Available:

Tremblay, R. (2006). (Fahy, P. J., Interim Series Editor.) “Best practices” and collaborative software in online teaching. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 7(1).

Fahy, P. J. (2006). Online and face-to-face group interaction processes compared using Bales’ Interaction Process Analysis(IPA). European Journal of Open, Distance, and E-learning. Available:

Fahy, P. J. (2006, November). Final Report: ESPORT project evaluation. Unpublished report to Human Resources and Skills Development Canada (HRSDC).

Fahy, P. J. (2007, May). The occurrence and character of stories and story-telling in a computer conference. Distance Education, 28(1), pp. 45 – 63.

Fahy, P. J. & Cummins, P. (2007). Essential Skills Computerized OccupationalReadiness Training (ESCORT) Demonstration Project, Canada. In Sanjaya Mishra and Ramesh C. Sharma (Eds.), Cases on global e-learning practices: Successes and pitfalls (pp. 293 - 305). Hershey, PA: Idea Group. (Available: (Book chapter).

Fahy, P. J. (2007). Ethics review concerns of Canada’s distance researchers. U. Demiray & R. Sharma (Eds.), Ethical practices and implications in distance learning, pp. 230 – 248. Hershey, PA: IGI Global.

Fahy, P. J. (2008). Characteristics of interactive online learning media. (Athabasca University book – chapter update.) (Available from

Fahy, P. J., Spencer, B., & Halinski, T. (2008). The self-reported impact of graduate program completion on the careers and plans of graduates. Quarterly Review of Distance Education, 9(1), pp. 51 - 71.

Fahy, P. J. (2008). Web-Based Training. In The Handbook of Computer Networks (Vol. 3, pp. 962-973). Hoboken, N.J., John Wiley and Sons Inc. (Invited chapter.)

Fahy, P. J. & Steel, N. (2008). Post-secondary learning priorities of workers in an oil sands camp in northern Alberta. Journal of Vocational Education & Training, 60(3), pp. 273 – 295. (Available from

Fahy, P. J., Steel, N., and Martin, P. (2009). Preferences of residents in four remote Alberta communities regarding local post-secondary programming. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 10(3).

Fahy, P. J. & Twiss, D. (2010). Adult literacy practitioners’ uses of and experiences with online technologies for professional development. Journal of Applied Research on Learning, 3(2), pp. 1 – 18. (Available from

Steel, N. & Fahy, P. J.  (2011).  Attracting, Preparing and Retaining Under-Represented Populations in Rural and Remote Northern Communities.  International Review of Research in Open and Distant Learning, 12(4).

Fahy, P. J.  The impact of publication: What happens to those papers?  (In development.)