Landing : Athabascau University

SCIE 326 - Unit 8 Notes

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By Xing Li June 21, 2019 - 11:46am

Unit 8

(net time : 105 min)

reasoning: the way our minds fit things together.

                empathetical, analogical, analytical

                good fit: regularity/ symmetry, harmony/unity(element table), simplicity/conciseness and inclusiveness(drifting continents),

three heuristics: representativeness, availability, anchoring

                useful example: nick name, frequency, conceptual network—easy to communicate at minimum cost

                illusion: famous woman/great events have great causes(deeply rooted)/fundamental attribution error(personality over context), red light, woman driver

 

Two foundation of scientific argument: reliable empirical evidence + sound logic reasoning

critical analysis: knowledge, probabilistic thinking and evaluate causality, quantitative thinking, hidden assumption, model

fallacies: straw man, ad hominem(to the man), false dilemma, circular reasoning, slippery slope(invalid premise)

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